Magyar Information Contest Journal Articles

# Problem B. 4197. (September 2009)

B. 4197. Prove that if the sides of a triangle satisfy 2b2=a2+c2, then the opposite angles satisfy 2cot =cot +cot .

(3 pont)

Deadline expired on 12 October 2009.

Sorry, the solution is available only in Hungarian. Google translation

Megoldás. A koszinusz-tétel szerint $\displaystyle b^2=a^2+c^2-2ac\cos\beta$, vagyis a feltétel ekvivalens azzal, hogy $\displaystyle b^2=2ac\cos\beta$. Innen a szinusz-tétel alapján

$\displaystyle 2\cos\beta=\frac{b}{a}\cdot\frac{b}{c}=\frac{\sin\beta}{\sin\alpha} \cdot\frac{\sin\beta}{\sin\gamma},$

$\displaystyle 2\text{ctg}\beta = \frac{\sin\beta}{\sin\alpha\cdot\sin\gamma}= \frac{\sin(\alpha+\gamma)}{\sin\alpha\cdot\sin\gamma}= \frac{\sin\alpha\cos\gamma+\sin\gamma\cos\alpha}{\sin\alpha\cdot\sin\gamma}= \text{ctg}\alpha + \text{ctg}\gamma.$

### Statistics:

 89 students sent a solution. 3 points: 60 students. 2 points: 15 students. 1 point: 6 students. 0 point: 4 students. Unfair, not evaluated: 4 solutions.

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