 Mathematical and Physical Journal
for High Schools
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# Problem A. 574. (November 2012)

A. 574. Let n 2 and let be a polynomial with real coefficients. Prove that if for some positive integer k the polynomial (x-1)k+1 divides p(x) then .

CIIM 2012, Guanajuato, Mexico

(5 pont)

Deadline expired on December 10, 2012.

Solution. For convenience, define the leading coefficient an=1 also.

Lemma. For every polynomial q(y) with degree at most k, we have .

Proof. Let 0(y)=1 and let for . By (x-1)k|p(x), for 0   k we have Every polynomial with degree at most k can be repesented as a linear combination of the polynomials , so with some real numbers . Then To prove the problem statement, let Tk be the kth Chebyshev-polynomial, and choose Then , and  (In the last step we applied the inequality .)

By applying the lemma, ### Statistics:

 3 students sent a solution. 5 points: Ioan Laurentiu Ploscaru. 1 point: 2 students.

Problems in Mathematics of KöMaL, November 2012