K. 157. Street lamps in a village are placed at equal intervals along the road. I observed that during 1 minute I passed as many lamp posts as 1/12 of my speed in km/h. Given that I was moving at a uniform speed and I started and finished counting when I was midway between two posts, calculate the separation between lamp posts.
K. 158. A square garden is formed in a park out of four flowerbeds (as shown in the Figure). A single type of flowers are planted in each flowerbed, so that adjacent beds contain different types. (It is allowed to plant the same type of flower in opposite beds.) The flowers are selected out of three types: roses, lilies or gladioluses. In how many different ways can the garden be organized if orientation matters, too (that is, if it makes a difference which kind of flowers are planted in the north, south, east and west flowerbed)?
K. 159. Jack and Jill start simultaneously at the bottom of the escalator. The escalator is moving uniformly upwards, and the children are also walking uniformly up the escalator without skipping any stair. Jill takes 40 seconds to get to the top, and in doing so she walks 40 steps. Jack takes 50 seconds and the number of his steps is 20. Then the escalator is stopped owing to technical problems and passengers need to walk up the stairs. How many steps will they take (without skipping any stair)?
K. 160. Jack loves playing the following memory game: There are 18 kinds of picture cards, two copies of each. The 36 cards are shuffled and all layed on the table face down. The game consists of turns. In each turn, two cards are turned face up. If they are a pair of identical cards, they are removed from the table. If not, they are turned face down again. The game continues until he has removed all cards from the table. Since Jack has excellent memory, he can always remember the position of any card that he has seen. With this condition, is it possible for a game to consist of 17 turns? Of 18 turns? Of 35 turns? If so, give an example for a possible game. If not, explain why. (Assume that Jack is always trying to finish the game in the lowest number of turns, that is, he will not turn up cards again that he has already seen.)
C. 930. A game uses 11 red, 7 blue and 20 green counters. The bank returns two green counters for one red and one blue, two blue counters for one red and one green, and two red counters for one blue and one green. In making these trades, the player is trying to achieve that he has counters of a single colour. Which colour?
C. 933.ABC is a given triangle. Find that line passing through the vertex C where the perimeter of triangle ABD is greater than the perimeter of the triangle ABC for all points D of the line that are different from C.
C. 934. Three rods of negligible thickness are fixed to each other in a common point at one end, in pairwise perpendicular positions. The lengths of the rods are 1, 2 and 3. The rigid structure is placed on the table with the free ends of the rods touching the table. Determine the height of the common endpoint above the plane of the table.
B. 4063. Al and Bill take turns choosing cards one by one from the deck of 81 SET cards (see the article on page http://galileo.stmarys-ca.edu/bdavis/set.pdf) and placing them on the table. When SET first appears on the table, the player placing the last card loses the game. If Al begins, which player has a winning strategy?
B. 4067. Erect a perpendicular to each of the sides AB, BC, CA of a triangle of perimeter k at the vertices A, B, C, respectively. Let K denote the perimeter of the new triangle obtained from the perpendiculars. Prove that , where , and are the angles of the triangle ABC.
B. 4069. The lengths of the tangents drawn from the points A and B to a circle k are a and b, respectively. T is a point of the circle not collinear with A and B for which . Prove that the circle passing through the points A, B, T touches k.
A. 448. The numbers 1,2,...,N are colored with 3 colors such that each color is used at most times. Let A be set of all (ordered) 4-tuples (x,y,z,w), consisting of such numbers, such that and x, y, z, w have the same color. Similarly, let B be the set of all (ordered) 4-tuples (x,y,z,w) such that , the numbers x, y have the same color, z and w have the same color, but these two colors are distinct. Prove that |A||B|.