K. 49. 15 teams participated in a football tournament. Every team played each of the other teams once. 3 points were awarded for winning, 2 for a draw and 1 point for losing the game. At the end of the tournament, every team had a different number of points, 21 being the lowest score. Prove that the team with the highest score has played at least one draw.
K. 52. The Figure shows the planned footpaths for a park in a city. What is the total length of the paths to be constructed if the lengths of the two kinds of segments marked in the diagram are 60 metres and 30 metres, respectively?
K. 54. A printing press is working on a board game that uses two kinds of figures moving on the board: dogs and cats. The dog and cat figures are to be cut out of cardboard. The cat to dog ratio in the set of figures packed in the box with each game is 5:3. To reduce wastes, the figures are printed on large sheets of cardboard in two different arrangements. One type of sheet contains 28 dogs and 28 cats, and the other one contains 42 cats. In what proportion should the two types of sheets printed in order to obtain them in the right proportion after cutting out?
C. 823. On its second birthday, a department store introduced sales prices. Those buying merchandise for more than 50 000 forints (HUF) enjoyed two successive discounts. Both percentage reductions were whole numbers less than 10. A television set that originally cost 69 000 forints was sold for 60 306 forints. Calculate the percentages.
C. 824. Consider the truncated cone determined by the circumscribed circle of the base of a cube, and the inscribed circle of the top face of the cube. Find the ratio of the volume of the truncated cone to that of the cube.
B. 3842. Given are five 15-litre vessels, containing 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 litres of water, respectively. We are allowed to double the amount of water in any chosen vessel from another one. What is the largest possible amount of water that can be collected in a vessel by repeating this step?
B. 3844. The legs of a right-angled triangle are a and b, its hypotenuse is c. The radius of the escribed circle drawn to the leg b (i.e. the one touching that leg on the outside and also touching the extensions of the other two sides) is b. Prove that b+c=a+2b.
B. 3848. A convex 100-sided polygon K lies in the interior of a square whose side is 1 metre. Show that it is possible to select three vertices of K, such that they form a triangle of smaller area than 8 cm2.
B. 3851. Consider the functions obtained as compositions of the functions , , each used a finite number of times; for example . Is it possible to obtain the function xx+1 in this way? (It is allowed to cancel finitely many numbers from its domain.)
A. 382.S and T are disjoint sets, * is a binary operation on the elements of S and o is a binary operation on the elements of T. (That is, if a,bS and c,dT, then a*bS and codT). Each operation is associative. In other words, (S,*) and (T,o) are semigroups. It is also given that for every tT there are elements u,vT, such that uot=tov=t. Let denote an arbitrary mapping. Define the operation on the set ST as follows:
Show that the operation is associative if and only if f is a homomorphism, that is, f(a*b)=f(a)of(b) for all a,bS.